Terpenes are the particles which are present in plants that give them their aroma, while at the same time protecting them from predators. Terpenes are not just about the aroma, these are powerful compounds that also have a wide range of medical properties due to the presence of active ingredients of medical cannabis.
Plants which belong to the cannabis sativa genus are extremely rich in terpenes. They contain more than 100 of these substances, most of them of which being unique to it.
Every cannabis strain is unique in some aspect because of the presence of different types of terpenes in them. Depending on the profile of the terpene, a strain may smell like pine, strawberry or a lemon. They can also have various other kinds of fruity and floral fragrances.
Here are the 7 most common terpenes found in cannabis and hemp:
Bisabolol has a very light, sweet floral kind of aroma. It is known to have antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory effects on the body.
Bisabolol also causes apoptosis for acute leukemia cells. It involves a series of biochemical events that lead to the characteristic cell changes and death. It helps in carrying out a natural process that involves the recycling of cellular machinery and nutrient.
Caryophyllene is a spicy terpene. It is the only terpene present in both CBD oil and Nano Enhanced Hemp Oil that is known to interact with the endocannabinoid system of the body. Caryophyllene has antibacterial, antidepressant, anti-inflammatory, anxiolytic, analgesic, antiproliferative, antioxidant, and neuroprotective effects.
Linalool has a floral scent with spicy overtones. It has analgesic, antidepressant, anti-epileptic, anti-inflammatory, anti-psychotic, anxiolytic, and sedative effects. It is found in several flowering plants such as lavender, basil, and hops and also the strains of autoflowering samen seeds.
Myrcene is the most prevalent terpene found in most varieties of cannabis. It is the smallest terpene. It basically dictates whether a strain will have a Sativa or Indica effect. Strains that are high in myrcene will result in a lazy feeling, while the strains with low levels of Myrcene will produce a more energetic high.
Myrcene has a combination of fruity and earthy notes. It can also be found in lemongrass, mango, and hops. It possesses analgesic, antibacterial, and anti-inflammatory effects.
Ocimene is recognized by its sweet, fragrant, herbaceous, and woody aromas. It is often used in perfumes for its pleasant odor. Naturally, this terpene acts as a shield for plants and possesses antifungal properties.
Ocimene can be found in a variety of plants as well as fruits. Ocimene emerges naturally from vegetative plants such as pepper, basil, mint, orchids, and hemp, of course.
Pinene is a naturally occurring terpenoid and in nature is the most common. It is accountable for the pine taste in many popular strains. It is found in many plants other than cannabis.
Just like many other terpenes, pinene also has analgesic, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antiproliferative, and antioxidant properties.
Terpinolene has woody kind of smoky notes. Terpinolene acts as a sedative and also has antibacterial, anti-fungal, anti-insomnia, antiproliferative, and antioxidant effects. It can be found in a variety of other fragrant plants such as tea tree, cumin, apples, conifers, and lilac.
The presence of these terpenes in cannabis and hemp provides a wide array of medical benefits and ensures a healthy lifestyle of the consumer. To know more about the characteristics and the benefits of terpenes, you can always refer to medical marijuana doctors. You can also purchase a variety of strains infused with such terpenes from any medical marijuana dispensary.